qlsplineDS {dsBase}R Documentation

Basis for a piecewise linear spline with meaningful coefficients

Description

This function is based on the native R function qlspline from the lspline package. This function computes the basis of piecewise-linear spline such that, depending on the argument marginal, the coefficients can be interpreted as (1) slopes of consecutive spline segments, or (2) slope change at consecutive knots.

Usage

qlsplineDS(x = x, q = q, na.rm = TRUE, marginal = FALSE, names = NULL)

Arguments

x

the name of the input numeric variable

q

numeric, a single scalar greater or equal to 2 for a number of equal-frequency intervals along x or a vector of numbers in (0; 1) specifying the quantiles explicitely.

na.rm

logical, whether NA should be removed when calculating quantiles, passed to na.rm of quantile. Default set to TRUE.

marginal

logical, how to parametrize the spline, see Details

names

character, vector of names for constructed variables

Details

If marginal is FALSE (default) the coefficients of the spline correspond to slopes of the consecutive segments. If it is TRUE the first coefficient correspond to the slope of the first segment. The consecutive coefficients correspond to the change in slope as compared to the previous segment. Function qlspline wraps lspline and calculates the knot positions to be at quantiles of x. If q is a numerical scalar greater or equal to 2, the quantiles are computed at seq(0, 1, length.out = q + 1)[-c(1, q+1)], i.e. knots are at q-tiles of the distribution of x. Alternatively, q can be a vector of values in [0; 1] specifying the quantile probabilities directly (the vector is passed to argument probs of quantile).

Value

an object of class "lspline" and "matrix", which its name is specified by the newobj argument (or its default name "qlspline.newobj"), is assigned on the serverside.

Author(s)

Demetris Avraam for DataSHIELD Development Team


[Package dsBase version 6.2.0 ]