ds.mean {dsBaseClient}R Documentation

Computes server-side vector statistical mean


This function computes the statistical mean of a given server-side vector.


  x = NULL,
  type = "split",
  checks = FALSE,
  save.mean.Nvalid = FALSE,
  datasources = NULL



a character specifying the name of a numerical vector.


a character string that represents the type of analysis to carry out. This can be set as 'combine', 'combined', 'combines', 'split', 'splits', 's', 'both' or 'b'. For more information see Details.


logical. If TRUE optional checks of model components will be undertaken. Default is FALSE to save time. It is suggested that checks should only be undertaken once the function call has failed.


logical. If TRUE generated values of the mean and the number of valid (non-missing) observations will be saved on the data servers. Default FALSE. For more information see Details.


a list of DSConnection-class objects obtained after login. If the datasources argument is not specified the default set of connections will be used: see datashield.connections_default.


This function is similar to the R function mean.

The function can carry out 3 types of analysis depending on the argument type:
(1) If type is set to 'combine', 'combined', 'combines' or 'c', a global mean is calculated.
(2) If type is set to 'split', 'splits' or 's', the mean is calculated separately for each study.
(3) If type is set to 'both' or 'b', both sets of outputs are produced.

If the argument save.mean.Nvalid is set to TRUE study-specific means and Nvalids as well as the global equivalents across all studies combined are saved in the server-side. Once the estimated means and Nvalids are written into the server-side R environments, they can be used directly to centralize the variable of interest around its global mean or its study-specific means. Finally, the isDefined internal function checks whether the key variables have been created.

Server function called: meanDS


ds.mean returns to the client-side a list including:

Mean.by.Study: estimated mean, Nmissing (number of missing observations), Nvalid (number of valid observations) and Ntotal (sum of missing and valid observations) separately for each study (if type = split or type = both).
Global.Mean: estimated mean, Nmissing, Nvalid and Ntotal across all studies combined (if type = combine or type = both).
Nstudies: number of studies being analysed.
ValidityMessage: indicates if the analysis was possible.

If save.mean.Nvalid is set as TRUE, the objects Nvalid.all.studies, Nvalid.study.specific, mean.all.studies and mean.study.specific are written to the server-side.


DataSHIELD Development Team

See Also

ds.quantileMean to compute quantiles.

ds.summary to generate the summary of a variable.


## Not run: 

 ## Version 6, for version 5 see the Wiki
  # connecting to the Opal servers


  builder <- DSI::newDSLoginBuilder()
  builder$append(server = "study1", 
                 url = "", 
                 user = "administrator", password = "datashield_test&", 
                 table = "CNSIM.CNSIM1", driver = "OpalDriver")
  builder$append(server = "study2", 
                 url = "", 
                 user = "administrator", password = "datashield_test&", 
                 table = "CNSIM.CNSIM2", driver = "OpalDriver")
  builder$append(server = "study3",
                 url = "", 
                 user = "administrator", password = "datashield_test&", 
                 table = "CNSIM.CNSIM3", driver = "OpalDriver")
  logindata <- builder$build()
  connections <- DSI::datashield.login(logins = logindata, assign = TRUE, symbol = "D") 
  #Calculate the mean of a vector in the server-side
  ds.mean(x = "D$LAB_TSC",
          type = "split",
          checks = FALSE,
          save.mean.Nvalid = FALSE,
          datasources = connections)
  # clear the Datashield R sessions and logout

## End(Not run)

[Package dsBaseClient version 6.3.0 ]